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artist information

Khaled (musician)

Khaled Hadj Brahim (born 29 February 1960), better known as Khaled (Arabic: خالد), is a raï singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist born in Sidi-El-Houri in Oran Province of Algeria. He began recording in his early teens under the name Cheb Khaled (Arabic for "Young Khaled") and has become probably the most internationally famous Algerian singer. His popularity has earned him the unofficial title "King of Raï".

Early years

At the age of fourteen Khaled formed his first band, "Les Cinq Etoiles" (French for "The Five Stars"), and began playing at wedding parties and local cabarets. He recorded his first solo single, "Trigue Lycee" ("The Road to School"), at age fourteen and soon became involved with the early-1980s changes in the raï sound, incorporating western instruments and studio techniques.

Islamic fundamentalists' threats

Algerian Islamic fundamentalists were violently opposed to raï because of its sometimes irreverent tone and the fact that raï singers freely addressed taboo issues like romantic love, drugs, and alcohol. Fundamentalists were infuriated when the Algerian government, in the wake of a hugely popular 1985 raï festival in Oran, officially declared it to be one of the country's native music styles. In response, fundamentalists sent death threats to some raï artists. The danger forced Khaled to move to Paris in 1986 (see 1986 in music). In 1994 these threats materialized when another Raï artist, Cheb Hasni, was murdered.

International audience

In 1992 (see 1992 in music), after dropping "Cheb" from his name, he released his self titled album Khaled, which established his reputation as a superstar in France and among maghrebian emigrants around the world. His audience has continued to expand throughout the 1990s, and he has collaborated with hip hop artists. In spite of his superstar status in France, his homeland Algeria and the Arab world, his popularity in the US, the UK and other countries has been limited to a small but devoted cult following.

In 1999 he was joined by Rachid Taha and Faudel in a concert at the Palais Omnisports de Paris-Bercy for a concert known as 1,2,3 Soleils which was subsequently released as a live album.

Political Lyrics

Khaled also writes political lyrics in favour of emancipation of women and more democracy. The lyrics to Aicha, written by the singer songwriter Jean-Jacques Goldman, which was in the charts in many countries of Western Europe, are about a man's lament that his love Aïcha does not notice him, even though he offers her everything, even his life. In the end, Aïcha answers he should keep his treasure, that she's worth more and does not want to live in a cage, even a solid gold one, but equal rights and respect which form true love:

Elle a dit, garde tes trésors Moi, je vaux mieux que tout ça Des barreaux sont des barreaux même en or Je veux les mêmes droits que toi Et du respect pour chaque jour Moi je ne veux que de l'amour

Discography

This discography does not include a number of albums released on cassette in Algeria early in his career, and several bootleg/unofficial albums.

Studio albums

  • 1985 Hada Raykoum
  • 1988 Kutché - with Safy Boutella
  • 1992 Khaled
  • 1993 N'ssi N'ssi
  • 1996 Sahra
  • 1999 Kenza
  • 2004 Ya-Rayi

Live albums

  • 1998 Hafla
  • 1999 1, 2, 3 Soleils - with Rachid Taha and Faudel

Collections

  • 1991 Le Meilleur de Cheb Khaled
  • 1992 Le Meilleur de Cheb Khaled 2
  • 2005 Forever King
  • 2005 Spirit of Rai
  • 2005 Les Annees Rai
  • 2006 Salou Ala Nabi
  • 2006 Maghreb Soul - Cheb Khaled Story 1986-1990
  • 2006 Anajit Anajit

Singles

From Kutché (1988):

  • "Chebba & Baroud" (1988)

From Khaled (1992):

  • "Didi" (1992)
  • "Ne m'en voulez pas" (1992)
  • "Di Di" (1997)

From N'ssi N'ssi (1993):

  • "Serbi Serbi" (1993)
  • "Chebba" (1993)
  • "N'ssi N'ssi" (1994)
  • "Bakhta" (1995)

From Sahra (1996):

  • "Aïcha" (1996)
  • "Le jour viendra" (1997)
  • "Ouelli El Darek" (1997)
  • "Lillah" (1997)

From Kenza (1999):

  • "C'est la nuit" (1999)
  • "El Harba Wine" (2000)

From Ya-Rayi (2004):

  • "Ya-Rayi" (2004)
  • "Zine Zina" (2004)

Not released in an album:

  • La terre a tremblé (2003)

From Indigènes (Days of Glory) - Movie (2006):

  • "Ya Dzayer" (2006)
  • "El Babour" (2006)

Featured in

  • 1990 Springtime For The World, The Blow Monkeys
    • Be Not Afraid
  • 1992 Sahara Blue, Hector Zazou
    • Amdyaz
  • 1995 Concert Pour La Tolerance, Jean Michel Jarre
    • Revolution, Revolutions
    • ElDorado (UNESCO official anthem)
  • 1995 Duos Taratata, Various Artists
    • Didi with Johnny Clegg
  • 1995 Going Global Series Voila, Various Artists
    • Kebou
    • N'ssi N'ssi
    • Chebba
  • 1997 Live à Bercy, Mylène Farmer
    • La poupée qui fait non
  • 1997 Emilie Jolie, Various Artists
    • Chanson du herisson
  • 1997 Sol En Si (Solidarité Enfants Sida), Various Artists
    • Mâardi
  • 1998 1 Douar, Alan Stivell
    • Ensemble (Understand)
    • Crimes
  • 1998 Konfusion, Ketama
    • Oasis de los Dioses
  • 1999 L'palais de justice, Freeman
    • Bladi
  • 1999 Ida y Vuelta, Tekameli
    • ¡ Oh Madre !
  • 1999 Amarain, Amr Diab
    • Albey
  • 2000 Balavoine Hommages ..., Various Artists
    • L'aziza
  • 2000 Rapsody, Various Artists
    • Time for a Change
  • 2000 XXème siècle, Les Enfoirés
    • Emmenez-moi
  • 2000 Labyrinthe, Kertra
    • Le rêve de mon père
  • 2001 Big Men, Raï Meets Raggae, Various Artists
    • Aich Rebel Sun
  • 2002 City of Ideas (Ciudad de los Ideas), Vincente Amigo
    • Eyes of the Alhamra (Ojos de la Alhambra)
  • 2002 Duets, Compay Segundo
    • Saludo A Chango
  • 2004 Agir Réagir - Gad Elmaleh (Parrain), Elie Chouraqui, Amina, Youssou N'Dour, Alabina, Jean-Jacques Goldman, Sapho (singer), Princess Erika, Sonia Lahcen, Samira Said, Lââm, Daniel Lévi, Jérôme Collet, Faudel, Idrissa Diop, Moïse N'Tumba (ex-chanteur de Tribal Jam), Christophe Heraut, Yves Lecoq et Cécile de France
  • Agir Réagir
  • 2004 Raï'N'B Fever, Kore & Skalp
    • Retour aux sources
  • 2004 L'enfant du pays, Rim'K
    • L'enfant du pays
  • 2004 Save the World, Enzo Avitabile & Bottari
    • Dance with me
  • 2005 Borderless, Cameron Cartio
    • Henna
  • 2006 Diana 2006, Diana Haddad
    • Mas and Louly
  • 2006 À l'affiche (Best of), Les Négresses Vertes
    • Face à la mer (recorded in 1992)
  • 2006 Morente sueña la Alhambra DVD, Morente
    • El Marsem
  • 2007 Taxi 4, Melissa
    • Benthi
  • 2007 Plein du monde, Bratsch
    • Bilovengo
    • Erjaii ya alf leila (Mille et une nuit sans toi)

Soundtracks

  • 1993 Un deux trois soleil
  • 1995 Âge des possibles, L'
    • Didi
  • 1995 Party Girl
    • Les Ailes
  • 1997 100% Arabica
    • Wahrane Wahrane
    • Cameleons (with Cheb Mami)
  • 1997 The Fifth Element
    • Alech Taadi (Note: This song was featured in the film, but did not appear on the official soundtrack)
  • 1999 Vila Madalena
    • El Arbi
  • 2000 Origine Contrôlée
    • Wana Wana Aamel Eih
    • Dour Biha Ya Chibani
  • 2002 The Truth About Charlie
    • Ragda
  • 2003 The Good Thief
    • Minuit
  • 2004 De l'autre côté
  • 2006 Indigènes (Days of Glory)
    • Ya Dzayer (2 Versions)
    • Mort De Messaoud
    • Nostalgie
    • Sur la tombe
    • El Babour
  • 2007 Taxi 4
    • Benthi (feat. Melissa)

Filmography

  • 1997 100% Arabica
  • 2003 Art'n Acte Production

Bibliography

  • 1998 Khaled: Derrière le sourire

Awards

Below is a chronological list of awards won by Khaled

  • 1993 Venice Film Festival 50TH - (Un, deux, trois, soleil)
  • 1994 César award - best movie soundtrack
  • 1995 Victoires de la Musique (Artist of the Year)
  • 1997 World Music Awards (Sahra Album)
  • 1997 Victoires de la Musique (Song of the year) (Aicha)
  • 1999 World Music Awards (1,2,3 Soleils) shared with Rachid Taha and Faudel
  • 2005 R3 Awards BBC Awards for World Music - (Mid East & North Africa Winner)
  • 2005 Montreal International Jazz Festival (The Antonio Carlos-Jobim Award)
  • 2005 ImagineNations and DC Internationals (Empowering Award, for spreading the message of peace)
  • 2006 The Mediterranean Prize for Creativity